Precipitation in the southern Great Plains observations and model simulations of present-day and doubled atmospheric CO₂ concentrations by David R. Legates

Cover of: Precipitation in the southern Great Plains | David R. Legates

Published by U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Denver Office in Denver, Colo .

Written in English

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  • Great Plains


  • Precipitation (Meteorology) -- Great Plains -- Measurement -- Computer simulation.,
  • Atmospheric carbon dioxide -- Great Plains -- Measurement -- Computer simulation.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementDavid R. Legates, Tracy L. DeLiberty.
ContributionsDeLiberty, Tracy L., Global Climate Change Response Program (U.S.)
LC ClassificationsQC925.1.U8 G745 1996
The Physical Object
Paginationix, 80, 16 p. :
Number of Pages80
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL588912M
LC Control Number96179621

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For the region of the Southern Great Plains that receives > mm of annual precipitation, a study done by Mathews and Army () showed that continuous wheat cropping systems had an 11‐yr mean PSE of 17% at Woodward, OK.

However, such data are rare for Author: Andres Patrignani, Chad B. Godsey, Tyson E. Ochsner. The Great Plains have a continental climate. Over much of their expanse, cold winters and warm summers prevail, with low precipitation and humidity, much wind, and sudden changes in temperature.

The major source of moisture is the Gulf of Mexico, and the amount falls off both to the north and west. Thus, the southern plains have 15 to 25 inches. The Great Plains (sometimes simply "the Plains") is a broad expanse of flat land (a plain), much of it covered in prairie, steppe, and grassland, located in the United States and lies west of the Mississippi River tallgrass prairie in the United States and east of the Rocky Mountains in the U.S.

and Canada. It encompasses: The entirety of Nebraska, North Dakota, and South DakotaArea: 1, km² (, sq mi). The climate of the Great Plains is continental—subject to cold winters and hot summers. The southern plains, being close to the Gulf of Mexico, have from 15 to 25 inches (38 to 64 centimeters) of rainfall a year.

Farther north this drops to a maximum average of 15 inches of precipitation, including frequent heavy winter snowfalls. The Ogallala aquifer, or the High Plains aquifer, is an integral fresh water source for the entirety of the Great Plains region, providing drinking water to 80% of the population and irrigating 13 million acres of itation, seasonal lakes, and prehistoric water reserves serve as sources of water for the aquifer, which lies beneathsquare miles of the Central and Southern.

The Effects of Great Plains Irrigation on the Surface Energy Balance, Regional Circulation, and Precipitation by David B. Huber, David B. Mechem * and Nathaniel A. Brunsell Atmospheric Science Program, Department of Geography, University of Kansas, Cited by: Cloud climatology at the Southern Great Plains and the layer structure, drizzle, and atmospheric modes of continental stratus Article (PDF Available) May with 86 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Get this from a library. Precipitation in the southern Great Plains: observations and model simulations of present-day and doubled atmospheric CO₂ concentrations. [David R Legates; Tracy L DeLiberty; United States. Bureau of Reclamation.

Denver Office.; Global Climate Change Response Program (U.S.)]. During the – period, many regions in the central and southern Great Plains experienced the longest and strongest increase in average annual precipitation of the century.

The size of the increase ranged from 6 to 12% of mean annual precipitation and from. The climate anomalies leading to the May floods in Texas and Oklahoma were analyzed in the context of El Niño teleconnection in a warmer climate. A developing El Niño tends to increase late-spring precipitation in the southern Great Plains, and this effect has intensified since Anthropogenic global warming contributed to the physical processes that caused the persistent Cited by: The Geological Record of Wind Erosion, Eolian Deposition, and Aridity on the Southern High Plains Vance T.

Holliday 6. Key Words: wind erosion, aridity, eolian deposition, Southern High Plains. Drought and Precipitation Fluctuations in the Great Plains During the late Nineteenth Century Cary J.

Mock Key Words: drought, precipitation. The week’s heaviest precipitation (1 to 4 inches) fell on western sections of Washington and Oregon, parts of the Rockies, and in the southern Great Plains, lower Mississippi, Tennessee, and.

A cloud climatology of the southern Great Plains ARM CART Article (PDF Available) in Journal Precipitation in the southern Great Plains book Climate 13(10) May with 33 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

The map contains precipitation data for the southern Great Plains across several decades as well as temperature and precipitation data from and averages for the previous five years. There are also layers showing predominate soil types in the Southern Great Plains, the percentage of sand in those soils, and the prevailing wind patterns in.

A plain is a broad area of relatively flat land. Plains are one of the major landforms, or types of land, on Earth. They cover more than one-third of the world’s land area. Plains exist on every continent. Many plains, such as the Great Plains that stretch across much of central North America, are grasslands.

A grassland is a region where. Southern Great Plains farming developed in the early s during years with above average precipitation that produced favorable crop yields; however, a return to normal and below normal precipitation limited crop yields and biomass production that, in turn, decreased soil stabilizing organic matter and aggregation.

AB - This paper identifies temporal and spatial patterns in the diurnal cycle of hourly warm season precipitation events over the Great Plains of the US. Results from 30 years of hourly precipitation records from stations indicate that over 60% of all warm season rainfall (more than mm) occurs at night from southern Nebraska to Cited by: THE DUST BOWL, a two-part, four-hour documentary series by Ken Burns, will air November 18p.m.

ET on PBS (check local listings).The film chronicles the environmental. A drought with nearly the same severity of what happened in the s did impact the Great Plains during the decade of the s, but unlike what happened in the s, the s drought did not impact North Dakota.

The extreme drought of the s impacted mainly the central and southern Great Plains. The Red River in Fargo, Summer the estimated historical distribution of grassland communities of the Southern Great Plains are provided as a 30 x meter gridded surface (raster dataset).

This information will help to address the priority management questions for grassland communities for the Southern Great Plains REA and can be used toAuthor: Gordon C.

Reese, Daniel J. Manier, Natasha B. Carr, Ramana Callan, Ian I.F. Leinwand, Timothy J. Ass. description, Great Plains, pastures, ranges, Southwest: Abstract: The southern Great Plains and the Southwest often are called "Big Country." This not only refers to the size of individual holdings but the sparseness of urban centers.

Annual precipitation averages less than mm in the lower elevations of Arizona, New Mexico and western Texas. The field was located approximately km northeast of Plainview, TX in the Southern Great Plains region (34°12′″ N and °37′″ W, m elevation). The climate of the region is semiarid with long-term mean annual rainfall of mm [25].Cited by: 2.

Stormy Stretch Coming Up From Plains To Midwest. Stormy weather conditions are likely over the next several days from the Plains and Mississippi Valley into the Ohio Valley and Great Lakes with severe thunderstorms and heavy rain. The concern through Thursday is severe weather across the central and southern Plains into the Mid Mississippi.

Grazing systems in the southern Great Plains. Abstracts of the Annual Meeting of the American Society for Range Management, McIlvain, E.H. & Savage, D.A. Eight-year comparisons of continuous and rotational grazing on the Southern Great Plains Experimental Range. Journal of Range Management, 4: The southern Great Plains (SGP) is the southern portion of the Great Plains of the United States, a vast midcontinent region that early explorers called the “Great American Desert”l because precipitation was limited, there were few springs or streams, and the landscape was relatively flat and treeless.

The. Southern Louisiana is influenced by French, Caribbean, Latin American history. Texas is divided into the South, Great Plains and Southwest regions. Oklahoma is also included in the Great Plains region for two reasons: Climate and “Indian territory”. Stormy weather conditions are likely over the next several days from the Plains and Mississippi Valley into the Ohio Valley and Great Lakes with severe thunderstorms and heavy rain.

The concern through Thursday is severe weather across the central and southern Plains into the Mid Mississippi Valley and heavy rain and flooding from the Mid. The borders of Kansas extend km to include the moderate elevations and abundant precipitation conditions (more than 1, mm [∼40 inches] of annual precipitation) of the Lower Missouri Basin to the drier High Plains lying along the eastern slope of the Rockies (with less than mm [∼20 inches] of annual precipitation).Author: X.

Lin, J. Harrington, I. Ciampitti, P. Gowda, D. Brown, I. Kisekka. Drought conditions in the southern Great Plains have been going on since last fall, DuBois said, and over the last three weeks, there hasn’t been much precipitation, especially in New Mexico.

Knowledge of how ecosystem carbon (C) processes respond to variations in precipitation is crucial for assessing impacts of climate change on terrestrial ecosystems. In this study, we examined variations of shoot and root biomass, standing and surface litter, soil respiration, and soil C content along a natural precipitation gradient from to mm in the southern Great Plains, USA.

Our Cited by: Within the Great Plains, one of the highest concentrations of Paleoindian sites and research is on the Southern High Plains of northwestern Texas and eastern New Mexico (figs. ). The first excavations at the Clovis site, New Mexico, just a few years after the Folsom finds, began one of the longest traditions of Paleoindian.

Andres Patrignani * a, Chad B. Godsey b and ; Tyson E. Ochsner c; a Agricultural Hall, Dep. of Plant and Soil Sciences, Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK (current addAuthor: Andres Patrignani, Chad B.

Godsey, Tyson E. Ochsner. The Southern Great Plains experiences weather that is dramatic and consequential; from hurricanes and flooding to heat waves and drought, its 34 million people, their infrastructure, and economies are often stressed, greatly impacting socioeconomic systems The Southern Great Plains is the primary migration corridor for several million ducks and.

Jonathan Coppess • Gardner Policy Series • The images are indelible, captured in novels, history books, songs and old black-and-white photographs. During the mids, as Americans were trying to claw their way out of the depths of the Great Depression a severe drought triggered massive dust storms out of the plowed fields of the southern Great Plains.

These storms carried topsoil east to. “As a scientist, Loren Smith has made tremendous contributions to our understanding of playa ecology. Through Playas of the Great Plains he makes a further contribution by helping a wider audience understand the uniqueness and importance of these signature features of the Southern Great Plains.” Great Plains Research “This is a very significant contribution to the field of wetland ecology.

The Great Plains physiographic province lies east of the Rocky Mountains and extends from southern Alberta and Saskatchewan nearly to the United States-Mexico border. This chapter covers only the northern part of the unglaciated portion of this huge region, from Oklahoma almost to the United States-Canada border, a portion that herein will be.

CAUSES: Diagnosis of the Summertime Warm Bias in CMIP5 Climate Models at the ARM Southern Great Plains Site Chengzhu Zhang 1, Shaocheng Xie, Stephen A. Klein1, Hsi-yen Ma, Shuaiqi Tang, Kwinten Van Weverberg2, Cyril J. Morcrette2, and Jon Petch2 1Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA, 2Met Office, Exeter, UK Abstract All the weather and climate models Cited by: 8.

Beef produced on pasture and rangeland forages and dual-purpose winter wheat in the Southern Great Plains (SGP: Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas) provides a significant portion of the nation's red meat; constitutes the largest land use and agricultural enterprise in the region; and is subject to a widely variable climate.

Our uniquely qualified team will answer critically important research. The Dust Bowl encompassed the entire Great Plains, stretching from southwestern Kansas into southeastern Colorado, northeastern New Mexico, and the panhandles of Oklahoma and Texas.

Although Baca County experienced the brunt of the Dust Bowl, dust storms occurred as far north as Burlington in Kit Carson County and Julesburg in Sedgwick County.

The converse is true for a decreasing trend in precipitation. The sensitivity of streamflow in the LWREW to decade-long variations in precipitation was between 4 and 6, meaning that, at decade scales, a 10% increase or decrease in precipitation leads to a 40% to 60% increase or. of the total precipitation falls during the growing season of the crops studied; that is, in the months of June, July, and August.

WIND VELOCITY. Considered as a whole, the southern portion of the Great Plains has a high wind velocity. It is not, however, the high average velocity as much as the occasional high winds, which usually last onlyAuthor: E. F. Chilcott, William David.

Griggs, Charles A. Burmeister.May in the central Great Plains, slightly earlier in the southern Great Plains and June 15 to July 15 in the southwestern U.S. Wilson et al. () found that blue grama seedlings avoid drought in three ways: 1) by increasing water uptake, 2) by adjusting leaf area, and 3) by reducing transpiration.

The relativeFile Size: 57KB.PRECIPITATION. Rainfall is the most important factor influencing crop production in this section. In determining its influence, it is important that the Corn, milo, and kafir in the southern Great Plains area: relation of cultural methods to production., book, ; Washington : E.

F. Chilcott, William David. Griggs, Charles A. Burmeister.

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